Call for papers – EAA Budapest
Call for papers, 26th meeting of the European
Association of Archaeologists (Budapest, Hungary, August 2020), session 437 :
« Early Iron Age from Landscape Transformation in the Carpathian basin: Connections and Adjacent Areas »
That address issues, theories, new analytical methods, and applications relating to scientific provenancing of archaeological materials.
Please visit the Conference website.
Session organisers : Czajlik, Zoltán (Hungary) – Institute of Archaeological Sciences, Eötvös Loránd, Benediková, Lucia (Slovakia) – Institute of Archaeology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences; Czifra, Szabolcs (Hungary) – Hungarian National Museum; Ljuština, Marija (Serbia) – University of Belgrade, Faculty of Philosophy; Mele, Marko (Austria) – Universalmuseum Joanneum
Abstract: Early Iron Age, landscape changes and land cover reconstruction, exploitation of natural resources, human impact, settlement and necropolis hierarchy, Carpathian basin.
The period between the 8-5th centuries BC in the Carpathian basin is characterized by slow yet important transformation period, which affected the social structure, subsistence strategies, technological/manufacturing approaches and trading. At the same time – especially on the territory of the Eastern Hallstatt culture a monumentalized landscape transformation occurs, namely the construction of site complexes of hillforts and tumulus necropolises. The relationship between the communities and the landscape seems to change, the fortifications and graveyards became much easier recognisable in the landscape, possibly functioning also as respected places for further generations.
Nonetheless, beyond the glitter of the huge earthen monuments, very little is known about contemporary villages and farmsteads in which significant part of the population lived. Moreover, transregional differences in land-use practices of non-Hallstatt cultural entities to the north, east and south from the Carpathian Basin have never been subject to a detailed analysis. Similarly, communities of the Great Hungarian Plain, Transylvania and East-Carpathian region, which consolidated and emerged from obscurity by 650 BC are regularly out the range of mainstream European discussion. Although based on the high number of known settlements these communities were far from being pure stockbreeder nomads.
The aim of the session is to bring together various scientific fields to gain insights on the settlement structure/network and landscape usage of the Iron Age Carpathian Basin and neighbouring regions. Furthermore, giving the floor to modern landscape research methods may shed light on the nature of the Iron Age transformation. Accordingly, every aspect of multidisciplinary research is welcome, e.g. past landscape reconstruction employing non-destructive and destructive fieldwork methods; past land cover and environment reconstruction using palynological and other ecological data; reconstruction of production/consumption approaches on rural and central sites, employing archaeobiological methods; hydrological/geographical reconstruction on regional level; exploitation of natural resources on local, regional and supra-regional level.